Tuesday, November 5, 2019
The Bestest Educational Blogs 2014 Holiday season has almost started and 2014 is coming to the end. Seems like its a perfect time to look back, make an overview of the years most popular trends and projects, give some praise and appreciation to those who were successful, useful, supportive and made difference in 2014. Thats why we made a list of blogs on education and college life, which in our opinion provide valuable tips, cover important issues, offer fresh ideas and have their own unique voice. For your convenience, blogs are divided into sections according to the theme, purpose and authorship. With no further delay, meet our top educational blogs 2014! Teachers Blogs 2014 Great teachers are usually education enthusiasts. They are following latest trends and are willing to share their experince, knowledge and skills with fellow teachers and students. Following authoritative educators blogs you will not only get valuable study tips, but will understand your professors and their requirements better. The Nerdy Teacher (thenerdyteacher.com) Insights into education, modern technologies and other nerdy things. Hunting English (huntingenglish.com) Practical learning tips, study strategies and excellent infographics MathyCathys Blog (mathycathy.com/blog) Progressive views on education, ideas to understand math better with the help of modern technologies. DY/Dan (blog.mrmeyer.com) Mind games, math theories, conference overviews and ways to make math more attractive for students Joanne Jacobs Blog (joannejacobs.com) Controversial issues, educational news and extracurricular activities for educators and students Students and Graduates Blogs Students usually have not so much time to blog. However, those who do find time, can share a lot of interesting about study hacks and college life with student eyes. Graduates have even more to tell about their experience of college survival. That Girl Magazine (thatgirlmag.com) Brown University student, linguistics major with a special world outlook A Law Students Journey (threeyearsofdeath.blogspot.com) Former law student sharing tips on law school survival Aspiring Docs Diaries (aspiringdocsdiaries.org) Collective blog by medical students for medical students The English Student (theenglishstudent.com/blog) Master in Adult Education Jenny shares learning materials, language learning tips and motivation College Life Blogs Want to know more about college life even before it actually begins? Want to be aware of latest trends, news and every aspect of college life? Fortunately, there are blogs versatile and dynamic enough to cover chaotic college life in its fullest! Her Campus (hercampus.com) A stylish girly blog about everything a college student may be interested in Seventeen (seventeen.com) College life tips mixed with beauty and fashion advice, celebrity news and quizes College Fashion (collegefashion.net) Latest fashion trends and style tips for college students DormDelicious (dormdelicious.com) Room designs, decoration tips and diy ideas for any campus living student College Candy (collegecandy.com) College is much more than studies! Follow fashion, entertain, take care of your body and soul Students and Finances Blogs The financial side of college life bothers the majority of students. How to live on budget, control your finances, and spend money wisely? The following blogs aim to answer financial questions and make your college life easier. Broke Millenial (brokemillennial.com) Tips on money saving, graduating college debt free and increasing financial literacy The Broke and Beautiful Life (thebrokeandbeautifullife.com) Practical advice on conscious spending and getting extra income Teens Got Cents (teensgotcents.com) Blog teaching teens to be financially smart - whatever it may meen Poorer Than You (poorerthanyou.com) Financial advice on savings, budgeting, earning and spending money, evaluating job offers and much more The Diary of a Poor Girl (thediaryofapoorgirl.blogspot.co.uk) Personal blog of witty and creative brunette sharing her life experience, financial and relationship tips Students and Cooking Blogs Cooking while in college can be a real challenge. Lack of skills, time and money make students opt for junk food three times a day. However, the following blogs show that cooking can be easy, cheap and surprisingly fun! Full-Thyme Student (fullthymestudent.com) Cooking in college can be easy, quick and save your budget if you know good recipes and tips to follow Collegiate Cook (collegiatecook.com) Useful and practical campus guides for fast and delicious cooking Poor Girl Eats Well (poorgirleatswell.com) Tips on how to eat healthy, delicious food and save your money at the same time Budget Bytes (budgetbytes.com) Great and creative recipes to keep your stomach full as well as your wallet Career and Internships Blogs College years is the time when you create the basis for future career. So, it is reasonable to start making your way into career world, learning about job application process and career opportunities, building network with potential employers, applying for internships and getting valuable experience. Quintessential Careers (quintcareers.com) Quintessential blog for job hunters, providing reÃ ¸Ã'â°sume and interview tips, career resources and employment tips Chegg Blog (blog.chegg.com) The versatile article topics include internship and job opportunities, as well as study tips, college life hack and much more Lindsey Pollak (lindseypollak.com/blog) Expert career advice for millenials to find job, stay productive and build a successful career College Aftermath (collegeaftermath.com) Is there life after graduation? What is it like? Find the answer to all post-graduation questions bothering you Intern Queen Blog (internqueen.com/blog) Fresh and interesting internship opportunities along with useful tips on smooth graduation and successful employment Have anyhing to add? Your feedback and comments are always welcome!
Saturday, November 2, 2019
Pick one of the poems from this module and EXPLICATE it - Essay Example is crucial in communicating the meaning of the poem in that it allows the audience to read the poem not only as a account of the African Ã¢â¬â American suffering but also as a racial statement aimed at restoring the pride of the African Ã¢â¬âAmerican. The narrative voice, stanzas, figures of speech and the diction in the Ã¢â¬Å"NegroÃ¢â¬ are orchestrated to communicate one or more of the following tones: pride, sad and hopelessness. The resultant mood of these tones makes the tone the most important element of the poem than the words used to describe the events of the poem. The tones of pride, sad and hopelessness are established through the element of the narrative voice. The first person point of view establishes the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s intimate relationship with the narrated events. However, the narration of events is marked by underlying tone; this tone can be established from the narrative voice. The voice does not lay much emphasis on the description of events yet it has a profound effect on the feelings of the audience, this is the effect of tone. The events are stated without too many details yet the effect is achieved. The effect of the tone on the audience is meant to align their feelings with the specific moods created. Langston capitalizes on tone to convey meaning of words. Ã¢â¬Å" I am a Negro/ Black as the night is black/ Black like the depths of my AfricaÃ¢â¬ (1-3). Without factoring the role of the tone, the stanza would be reduced to a mere explanation of the narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s color and origin. The bold tone in which these words are c onveyed are crucial in understanding the meaning of these words as an affirmation of the NegroÃ¢â¬â¢s pride in his color and heritage. It is clear the speaker is stating what the audience already knows. (Campbell 65) argues that the mention of Negro is enough for the audience to imagine his color and place his roots making it irrelevant in deducting meaning in this context. The relevance of the tone in deducting the intended message renders
Thursday, October 31, 2019
Summary of chapter 28-emergence of the us-american history - Term Paper Example He chose to eliminate the Ã¢â¬Å"missile gapÃ¢â¬ and to regain the lost communism ground. Yet even after all the efforts the result was not so good and the tension of Cold War was heightened. After John Kennedy, Johnson took the position and continued the work on two main issues: completion of New Frontier and struggle against communism. He worked on the domestic agenda especially in areas of reducing poverty, increasing support towards education, initiating welfare programs and a system development for health care of aged, yet after 1965 the effectiveness of this was reduced due to unfulfilled expectation. Angry voices were raised against all this and a decade ended with diminished expectations. The 1960s election campaign was between John F. Kennedy, a youthful, rigorous senator from Massachusetts and Richard M. Nixon. Both vowed towards improving the quality of life, supported civil right and to stand against communist threats. But Kennedy lacked experience which was one of the major drawbacks for him but still he won the election. Kennedy in his inaugural speech pledged to march against the common problem and did not highlight any specific plans. Moreover, he believed that society is willing to change and technology can help eliminate the problem therefore, he appointed those people for cabinet who had better know how in their fields. He wanted to take the nation on totally new path but it was difficult to achieve this as Congress members might not agree to it. By 1963 some of the demands were approved by Congress yet the issues such as civil rights, national health coverage, etc. were still in pipeline. The idea of New Frontier was during that period was only linked with growing economy and flights to moon and nothing more to it. But people were still hopeful and the blacks started believing that the fights in favor of civil rights need to begin on grass root level due to
Tuesday, October 29, 2019
Human biology - Essay Example Changes in hormone levels can create poor oocyte quality. Controlling blood levels are also determining factors used to time oocyte retrieval and increase the number of oocytes that are retrieved (2005). The three hormones that can be tested so the best time for oocyte retrieval are LH (Luteinizing Hormone), oestradiol and progesterone. An increase of LH is an important variable as it is an indicator that ovulation has begun and that the release of an oocyte has already begun. Many times if the LH levels are high, the possibility of retrieving mature eggs may be difficult, which is why most LH surges will delay the process of IVF. Oestradiol stimulates the lining of the uterus, making it ready for the arrival of the embryo (2005). The longer the oestradiol level rises the more mature the eggs will be. The problem with measuring the oestradiol levels is that they vary from person to person. This variance can make it difficult to measure whether it is appropriate to have a high or increased oestradiol levels for four days as opposed to eleven days. Also, one level may be considered high for one person, but low for another. Progesterone developed when the presence of LH increases and when oestradiol has readied the lining of the uterus for the embryo. This means that the presence of progesterone is acceptable during the process. However, levels that are considered too high for a particular patient are an indication that the quality of the eggs are poor. 'The woman's reproductive system is regulated by the hypothalamic-pituitary ovarian axis'(1998). "Neurons that secrete GnRH in the preoptic and arcuate nucleus areas and stimulate the production of follicle-stimulating and LH, which can in turn create oestradiol and progesterone'(1998). The presence of follicle is an indication that eggs are being produced and possibly mature. The more follicles that are present, the higher the oestradiol levels. The advantage of stimulating follicular development increases the likelihood of pregnancy as the uterus is ready and eggs are more likely to be mature and of good quality. Multiple oocytes are likely to be also. Based on the figures present, it is clear that during normal cycles, the levels of LH, oestradiol and progesterone are affected. These hormonal levels are particularly affected by the presence of hormones. Hormonal levels are decreased with the use of certain steroids. Hormonal levels are much higher with treatments. Any hormone that stimulates ovulation is likely to increase the risk of multiple births. This is the case because ovulation inducement can create a "polyfollicular response," which increases the risk for multiple births as more than one egg is released (2004). IVF is known among the medical community to decrease the risk of unwanted multiple births. IVF is works effectively because the doctor and patient have a great amount of control over the process. IVF allows the physician to actually control the number of embryos that he/she implants. The fact that the process is so controlled increases the success rate of pregnancy even though only one embryo is implanted. REFERENCES Gemzell, Carl, 2004, Gonadotrophins and Steroid Hormones, viewed 06/13/2004, www.tylermedicalclinic.com Gleider, Norbert, August 1 2004, Limiting Embryo
Sunday, October 27, 2019
Critical Appraisal of Pain Assessment Tools Introduction Patients presenting with acute pain in hospital settings need immediate intervention and care to improve health outcomes (Department of Health Service, 2007). When severe acute pain is not appropriately managed, this could lead to adverse psychological and physiological effects, poorer health outcomes and prolonged hospital stay (ANZCA, 2005). In Australia, approximately a third of patients in hospital settings report experiencing moderate to severe pain at least once during their hospital stay (DHS, 2007). While this figure may vary according to the population surveyed in hospital settings, it is observed that inadequate pain relief is still present in these settings (ANZCA, 2005). Quality care for patients presenting with acute pain begins with the use of an appropriate pain assessment tool. The main aim of this essay is to critically review current pain assessment tools that are recommended by the Department of Health Services (DHS, 2007). Published primary studies will be used to support the critical analysis. The first part of this essay will compare a range of pain assessment tools for patients presenting with acute pain. The second part critically analyses pain assessment options for patients who are non-verbal, have significant cognitive impairment or language functions disability. A conclusion will then summarise the key issues raised in this essay. Critical Analysis of Current Pain Assessment Tools Pain assessment tools range from the use of subjective to objective pain-scoring assessment tools. Examples of subjective-pain scoring tools include the visual analogue scale (VAS), numerical rating scale (NRS) and the faces pain scale (FPS). Objective measures include the behavioural pain assessment scale,functional activity score and Abbey Pain Scale. Currently, VAS is one of the recommended tools for assessing acute pain in different groups of patients (DHS, 2007). Recent studies (Phan et al., 2012; Angthong, Cherchugit, Suntharapa, Harnroongroj, 2011; Boonstra, SchiphorstPreuper, Reneman, Posthumus, Stewart, 2008) have also shown its validity and reliability for different health conditions across different groups of patients and in various health care settings outside Australia. Apart from extensive published data on the reliability and validity of the VAS, it is also shown to be more sensitive when compared to descriptive pain scales (Boonstra et al., 2008). Meanwhile, a randomised controlled trial (Farrar, Troxel, Stott, Duncombe, Jensen, 2008) also shows the validity and reliability of the numeric rating scale not only in assessing acute pain but also in measuring spasticity of patients suffering from multiple sclerosis. This rating scale ranks pain from 1 to 10 or 0-11. However, it converts pain sensation to a number (Farrar et al., 2008). While it is conceptually straightforward, nurses have to explain its use to the patients. This tool is also language dependent. Hence, it is essential that non-English speaking patients should be assigned to nurses who speak the same language to reduce the risk of misunderstanding on the use of NRS. Apart from VAS and NRS, FPS is also commonly used for pain assessment. One of the advantages of the FPS is its applicability in measuring pain intensity in paediatric patients. In the study of Tsze, von Baeyer, Bulloch and Dayan (2013) that recruited 620 patients aged 4 to 17 years old, FPS suggests strong psychometric properties for this age group. Importantly, this study shows that reliability and validity were also high between subgroups, sex, ethnicity and age of the children. Tsze et al. (2013) utilised the prospective, observational study involving Spanish and English-speaking children. Although this study design might increase the risk of observer bias due to its study design, a prospective study design is appropriate in validating the FPS (Polit, Beck Hungler, 2013). While one of the advantages of FPS is its acceptability in younger and paediatric patients (Tsze et al., 2013), it could also be used for the elderly. In Kim and Buschmann (2006), 31 older adults were recruited to determine the validity of the FPS. Findings suggest high construct validity and test-retest reliability of FPS. However, the small sample size of the study could limit the applicability of the findings to a larger and more heterogeneous population (Polit et al., 2013). As a whole, these subjective pain assessment tools have high inter class correlation. A study conducted amongst Chinese patients during post-operative care (Li, Liu Herr, 2007) demonstrates high inter class correlation coefficients (ranging from 0.673 to 0.825) of VAS, FPS and NRS. This suggests that healthcare practitioners can use any of these tools and arrive at a similar pain assessment score. Meanwhile, objective measures for pain such as the behavioural pain assessment scale and functional activity score are used to assess pain of patients who are non-verbal or have suffered from cognitive impairment such as dementia (Husebo et al., 2008). However, this might increase the risk of rater bias (Hek, Judd Moule, 2011) since nurses and other healthcare practitioners assess the pain level of the patient. Hence, it is important that inter-rater reliability and internal consistency of these tools should be established. A recent study (Voepel-Lewis, Zanotti, Dammeyer Merkel, 2010) has shown the use of the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) behavioural scale, which is similar to the behavioural pain assessment scale, as an effective tool for pain assessment in critically ill adults and children. It has excellent internal consistency (Cronbach alpha=0.882) and high inter-rater reliability. Another objective pain assessment tool is the Abbey Pain Scale. This was developed to assess pain in patients with severe cognitive impairment such as those with severe dementia and non-verbal patients. Recent observational studies (Lukas, Barber, Johnson Gibson, 2013; Neville Ostini, 2013) demonstrated high validity and reliability of the Abbey Pain scale. In Neville and Ostini (2013), Abbey pain scale was compared with the Checklist of Nonverbal Pain Indicators Scale and Doloplus-2. Findings suggest that all scales showed good psychometric qualities. However, the Abbey Pain Scale is more applicable for nurse raters who demonstrate lower levels of nursing qualification. Neville and Ostini (2013) suggest that nurses who rarely use pain rating scales could use the Abbey Pain Scale while still maintaining inter-rater reliability. Lukas et al. (2013) compared the Abbey Pain Scale with other pain assessment tools such as the Non-communicative PatientÃ¢â¬â¢s Pain Assessment Instrument (NOPPAIN) and the Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia Scale (PAINAD). All these tools were validated to improve recognition of the presence or absence of pain. These tools were also useful in helping nurses rate the pain severity of older patients with dementia. While pain assessment is a prerequisite for appropriate management of acute pain, there are some concerns about the use of pain intensity scoring systems. It has been shown that pain is subjective. This suggests that self-reporting of pain is variable and could be influenced by a host of factors. Studies (Narayan, 2010; Garcia, Godoy-Izquierdo, Godoy, Perez Lopez-Chicheri, 2007) have shown that language, culture and psychological factors could all influence the perception of pain. Reynolds, Hanson, DeVellis, Henderson and Steinhauser (2008) explain that self-reporting of pain only provides healthcare practitioners an insight into how patients perceive their pain levels. Variations in reporting of pain present a challenge to healthcare practitioners since this might lead to over or under-treatment of pain (Wilson, 2007). Other factors such as expectations of the patient in pain, the acceptability of translated tools and the methodology or terminology used during pain assessment might be foreign to the patients (Hall-Lord Larsson, 2006). All these could influence reporting of pain. There is also the risk that observers might underestimate the pain (Wilson, 2007). NursesÃ¢â¬â¢ knowledge on pain assessment is crucial since low levels of knowledge on pain assessment might affect how they assess the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s level of pain. Wilson (2007) argues that poor knowledge could lead to suboptimal care and poor pain management. This could have important consequences on patients since pain management might not be optimal. Hall-Lord and Larsson (2006) have stressed that pain assessment could be influenced by the nursesÃ¢â¬â¢ characteristics and knowledge of pain assessment. Lack of knowledge on pain assessment might lead to inaccurate pain assessment. In turn, this could lead to poor management and treatment of the underlying cause of pain. This also increases the risk of patients receiving inappropriate pain therapy (Wilson, 2007). Conclusion Pain assessment is important in managing acute pain in hospital settings. Various tools have been tested for their reliability and validity. These are divided into subjective and objective pain assessment tools. The former is generally used for patients who do not have cognitive impairments while the latter is used for patients with severe cognitive impairment and non-verbal patients. Studies cited in this essay have shown the validity and reliability of these tools. Studies that compare the subjective pain assessments also show high inter-correlation. This suggests that any of the tools could be used to assess pain. Despite extensive studies establishing the sensitivity, reliability and validity of the subjective tools, its application could still be limited. Pain is highly subjective and varies from one person to another. Objective tools might also be influenced by the nursesÃ¢â¬â¢ level of knowledge on pain assessment. Finally, this essay shows the need for nurses to increase th eir knowledge on pain assessment to ensure accurate assessment of pain. References: Angthong, C., Cherchugit, B., Suntharapa, T., Harnroongroj, T. (2011). Visual analogue scale foot and ankle: validity and reliability of the Thai version of the new outcome score in subjective form. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, 94(8), 952-957. Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) (2005). Acute pain management; scientific evidence. Australia and New Zealand: ANZCA. Boonstra, A., SchiphorstPreuper, H., Reneman, M., Posthumus, J., Stewart, R. (2008). Reliability and validity of the visual analogue scale for disability in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 31(2), 165-169. Department of Health Service (DHS) (2007). Acute pain management, measurement toolkit. Australia: DHS. Farrar, J., Troxel, A., Stott, C., Duncombe, P., Jensen, M. (2008). Validity, reliability, and clinical importance of change in a 0-10 numeric rating scale measure of spasticity: a post hoc analysis of a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Clinical Therapeutics, 30(5), 974-985. Garcia, E., Godoy-Izquierdo, D., Godoy, J., Perez, M., Lopez-Chicheri, I. (2007). Gender differences in pressure pain threshold in a repeated measures assessment. Psychology, Health Medicine, 12(5), 567-579. Hall-Lord, M., Larsson, B. (2006). Registered nursesÃ¢â¬â¢ and student nursesÃ¢â¬â¢ assessment of pain and distress related to specific pain and nurse characteristics. Nurse Education Today, 26(5), 377-387. Hek, G., Judd, M., Moule, P. (2011). Making Sense of Research (4th ed.). London: Sage Publications. Husebo, B., Strand, L., Mo-Nilssen, R., BorgeHusebo, S., Aarsland, D., Lhunggren A. (2008). Who suffers most? Dementia and pain in nursing home patients: a cross-sectional study. Journal of the American Medical Directors, 9(6), 427-433. Kim, E., Buschmann, M. (2006). Reliability and validity of the faces pain scale with older adults. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 43(4), 447-456. Li, L., Liu, X., Herr, K. (2007). Postoperative pain intensity assessment: A comparison of four scales in Chinese adults. Pain Medicine, 8(3), 223-234. Lukas, A., Barber J., Johnson, P., Gibson, S. (2013). Observer-rated pain assessment instruments improve both the detection of pain and the evaluation of pain intensity in people with dementia. European Journal of Pain, 17(10), 1558-1568. Narayan, M. (2010). CultureÃ¢â¬â¢s effects on pain assessment and management. American Journal of Nursing, 110(4), 38-47. Neville, C., Ostini, R. (2013). A psychometric evaluation of three pain rating scales for people with moderate to severe dementia. Pain Management Nursing, pii: S1524-9042(13)00114-9. doi: 10.1016/j.p,m.2013.08.001. Phan, N., Blome, C., Fritz, F., Gerss, J., Reich, A., Ebata, T., StaÃÅ'Ãâ nder, S. (2012). Assessment of pruritus intensity: a prospective study on validity and reliability of the visual analogue scale, numerical rating scale and verbal rating scale in 471 patients with chronic pruritus. ActaDermato-Venerologica, 92(5), 502-507. Polit, D., Beck, C. T., Hungler, B. P. (2013). Essentials of Nursing Research: Methods, Appraisal and Utilization (8th ed.). Philadelphia, Lippincott. Reynolds, K., Hanson, L., DeVellis, R., Henderson, M., Steinhauser, K. (2008). Disparities in cognitively intact and cognitively impaired nursing home residents. Journal of Pain Symptoms, 15, 388-396. Tsze, D., von Baeyer, C., Bulloch, B., Dayan, P. (2013). Validation of self-report pain scales in children. Pediatrics, 132(4), 971-979. Voepel-Lewis, T., Zanotti, J., Dammeyer, J., Merkel, S. (2010). Reliability and validity of the face, legs, activity, cry, consolability behavioral tool in assessing acute pain in critically ill patients.American Journal of Critical Care, 19(1), 55-61. Wilson, B. (2007). Nurses knowledge of pain. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 16(6), 1012-1020. 1 May Thu Khin, SID: 440468145, SNGP3001
Friday, October 25, 2019
Michelle hears some noises in the house, after a while see finds out that its a missing girl, the girl is trying to get revenge for her death. First off, I would like to say that Michelle Phieffer is great in this movie; she carries her character strongly from start to finish. And unfortunately The movie opens with Pfeiffer and Ford taking their daughter to college, thus leaving them alone in their house for the first time since they were married. The daughter is actually the product of Pfeiffer's first marriage to a musician who now dead (by what means I can't remember, nor does it matter). Ford is a successful research scientist at a university in New England as was his even more famous father. He is on the verge of finishing a major paper, which requires him to spend endless hours at the office, leaving Pfeiffer alone in their vast home. It is a mystery, as a bored Pfeiffer spies on her new neighbors, a troubled couple who fight a lot. Around the same time that the next-door wife seemingly disappears, Pfeiffer starts experiencing poltergeist-like activity in her house. Doors won't stay shut, photos fall from ledges, and finally she starts seeing the image of a pretty blonde woman in reflections in fogged-up mirror and in the water of a full bathtub. Pfeiffer and Ford have a good and believable chemistry, and there are some genuine thrills generated when Pfeiffer is alone in the house. Anyway, eventually Pfeiffer discovers that in fact the next-door neighborÃ¢â¬â¢s wife is alive and well. Except for one small thing, the blonde ghost is still causing trouble in the house. Pfeiffer begins to see a psychiatrist (the always reliable Joe Morton), believing that maybe she's suffering from some kind of empty-nest syndrome, but she soon realizes that the ghost is real and she sets out to find out who she is and why she's bugging her. Conclusion As Hatchet Harry said the story starts out with Pfeiffer's daughter from a previous marriage going off to college. She's dealing with the whole empty-nest syndrome, when the new neighbors next door start fighting, and the wife disappears. Pfeiffer is convinced that he's murdered her and starts spying on the husband who is now living alone in the house. Shortly after strange things start happening around the Pfeiffer-Ford house. You know, your usual haunting type activities like doors opening on their own, pictures falling off tables, radios switching on at full blast, bathtubs filling by themselves, yadda, yadda, yadda. Movie Review :: essays research papers Michelle hears some noises in the house, after a while see finds out that its a missing girl, the girl is trying to get revenge for her death. First off, I would like to say that Michelle Phieffer is great in this movie; she carries her character strongly from start to finish. And unfortunately The movie opens with Pfeiffer and Ford taking their daughter to college, thus leaving them alone in their house for the first time since they were married. The daughter is actually the product of Pfeiffer's first marriage to a musician who now dead (by what means I can't remember, nor does it matter). Ford is a successful research scientist at a university in New England as was his even more famous father. He is on the verge of finishing a major paper, which requires him to spend endless hours at the office, leaving Pfeiffer alone in their vast home. It is a mystery, as a bored Pfeiffer spies on her new neighbors, a troubled couple who fight a lot. Around the same time that the next-door wife seemingly disappears, Pfeiffer starts experiencing poltergeist-like activity in her house. Doors won't stay shut, photos fall from ledges, and finally she starts seeing the image of a pretty blonde woman in reflections in fogged-up mirror and in the water of a full bathtub. Pfeiffer and Ford have a good and believable chemistry, and there are some genuine thrills generated when Pfeiffer is alone in the house. Anyway, eventually Pfeiffer discovers that in fact the next-door neighborÃ¢â¬â¢s wife is alive and well. Except for one small thing, the blonde ghost is still causing trouble in the house. Pfeiffer begins to see a psychiatrist (the always reliable Joe Morton), believing that maybe she's suffering from some kind of empty-nest syndrome, but she soon realizes that the ghost is real and she sets out to find out who she is and why she's bugging her. Conclusion As Hatchet Harry said the story starts out with Pfeiffer's daughter from a previous marriage going off to college. She's dealing with the whole empty-nest syndrome, when the new neighbors next door start fighting, and the wife disappears. Pfeiffer is convinced that he's murdered her and starts spying on the husband who is now living alone in the house. Shortly after strange things start happening around the Pfeiffer-Ford house. You know, your usual haunting type activities like doors opening on their own, pictures falling off tables, radios switching on at full blast, bathtubs filling by themselves, yadda, yadda, yadda.
Thursday, October 24, 2019
Architectural & A ; BIM TechnologyExecutive sum-upThe undermentioned papers is based on the development of St JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s college Waterford metropolis. A brief debut will present the reader to the plants being carried out in the development itself. A background on the history of the college edifice is carried out and from here the chief legal issues that will originate in such a undertaking will be outlined and three of these issues will be examined in more item. These issues will be be aftering with regard to preservation & A ; protected constructions, wellness & A ; safety and contractual differences. At the terminal of the study a brooding acquisition piece will be written to demo what the writer has learned during this procedure.IntroductionThe undermentioned study is based on the development that will take topographic point at St JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s college Waterford metropolis. The study will foremost place the chief legal issues that could originate in such a development and secon dly critically measure these legal issues. Not all of the chief legal countries will be looked into but all these countries will be listed in the subdivision below. From this subdivision three legal issues will be chosen and analysed in greater deepness from an designer & A ; architectural technicianÃ¢â¬â¢s point of position. The development that is taking topographic point is financed by the respond lodging association. The chief contractors for the plants to be carried out are Mythen building. The development will include the undermentioned, a full restoral of the college edifice which will include 21 self-contained flats along with a twenty-four hours Centre for aged people. An extra 36 new construct one sleeping room flats will be constructed on site analogue to the folly route. [ 1 ]Main legal issuesPlaning with regard to preservation & A ; protected constructionsBoundaries & A ; easementsOn site contractsContractual differencesHealth & A ; safetyTendering issuesDuty of atten tionThe three issues that will be analysed in greater deepness will be be aftering with regard to preservation & A ; protected constructions, wellness & A ; safety and contractual differences.St JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s college backgroundSt JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s College site is located at johnÃ¢â¬â¢s hill, Richardson folly, Waterford metropolis ( fig.3 ) . Harmonizing to the national stock list of architectural heritage the edifice was constructed between the old ages 1865-1875. The college was originally designed by designer George Goldie [ 2 ] . The design of the edifice can be slackly termed the Gothic resurgence manner ( fig. 4 ) . The edifice is listed as protected constructions ( reg. no. 22830069 ) [ 3 ] while the entryway along Johns hill ( fig.5 ) is besides listed as a protected construction ( reg. no. 22830075 ) [ 4 ] . A full description of both these protected constructions can be found on the national stock list of architectural heritage web site. The original usage of the edifice was a theological college and this was the instance up until 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s when the edifice was closed due to a diminution in career [ 5 ] . The edifice has been left unoccupied now for a figure of old ages. In 2007 the respond lodging association in partnership with local authoritiess, communities and the section of environment purchased the college edifice and a part of the environing land with the purpose of lodging for the aged strategy [ 6 ] .Planing permission for protected constructionsIn order for the development to derive be aftering permission the developer will hold to plan programs that are in conformity with the Waterford metropolis council development program 2013 and the planning and development act 2000. This is due to the college edifice being listed as a protected construction ( reg. no. 22830069 ) . Before any planning permission can be received a full architectural heritage impact appraisal and an expert adviser survey must be carried out by a preservation specialize r that records the architectural important of the college and recommendations for preservation. The chief elements of plants to the protected constructions will be the fix and renovation of the college edifice. Prior to the beginning of any plants or fixs and refurbishments a written specification of plants and a works method statement should be submitted to the Waterford metropolis council for understanding in relation to the protected construction. All plants carried out in relation to the protected construction should be carried out in conformity with the best pattern preservation methodological analysiss ; the heritage councils published advice on rules of good pattern in direction of architectural heritage, these are as follows [ 7 ] :Avoidance of unneeded plants.Repair instead than replacing of deteriorated or damaged characteristics.Minimal intercession.Reversibility.Use designers and applied scientists trained in edifice preservation.In the planning and development act 2000 protected constructions are covered under portion IV subdivision 58 which states the followers: Ã¢â¬Å"Each proprietor and each occupier shall, to the extent consistent with the rights and duties originating out of their several involvements in a protected construction or a proposed protected construction, guarantee that the construction, or any component of it which contributes to its particular architectural, historical, archeological, artistic, cultural, scientific, societal or proficient involvement, is non endangeredÃ¢â¬ . [ 8 ] With these judicial admissions being addressed and adhered to be aftering permission will hold a greater opportunity of being approved by the Waterford county council.Health and safetyThe plants carried out for this edifice will hold to follow with the safety, wellness and public assistance at plants ordinances 2013. These ordinances give counsel on the proper processs that must be in topographic point before and during building. First the client must name a undertaking supervisor for both the design procedure and the building phase. The client can be self-appointed if competent to set about the responsibilities involved. These individuals must be appointed before or at the design procedure phase and the beginning of the building phase. The client should besides be sensible satisfied that the individuals allocated will hold the resources to enable that individual to execute the responsibilities posed under these ordinance before the beginning of plants. [ 9 ]Health and safety programThis program gives the contractors command for the occupation and those working on site the safety issues specific to the undertaking. The program can be divided into two subdivisions: the pre-tender program and the concluding program. The pre-tender program should be orgainsed by the undertaking supervisor that will be appointed to the undertaking. This program should be prepared every bit shortly as possible when the undertaking is conceived and submitted as portion of the stamp certification. This program should besides put out all of the important safety hazards associated with the undertaking, hence leting the contractor to develop wellness and safety processs and systems for the undertaking. The Pre-tender program should incorporate the followers:Information such as the completion day of the month, site information, conditions and current usage etc.Foreseeable wellness and safety hazards in the design.The building methods recommended by the interior decorator.Any extra information the planning supervisor believes the contractors should be made cognizant of to digest the safety of workers.From here the chief contractor will be appointed and will go at that place duty to develop the program farther into its con cluding signifier. The client must so guarantee that this concluding program is developed to a high degree to allow building plants to get down. The concluding program should incorporate the followers:The wellness and safety direction regulations and processs developed for the site.The safety direction construction developed for the undertaking.Any issues the contractor may raise in hazard appraisal prepared in conformity with the safety, wellness and public assistance at plants ordinances 2013.Rules for supervising conformity with the program.Health and safety fileThe planning supervisor has the duty of fixing a wellness and safety file for all constructions that comprise the building undertaking. This file should incorporate the information on the construction design, building and how the edifice will be used by the residents. The followers should be in the completed wellness and safety file:Detailss of the building method and stuffs.A record of drawings and programs used througho ut the period of building.Detailss on the location and nature of public-service corporations and services.Detailss of equipment and care installations.Any information from the wellness and safety program that would be relevant for future undertakings.This file is to be made available for review by any individual e.g. sub-contractors who may necessitate it to follow with their statutory responsibilities or to any individual geting an involvement in the premises by the client.Contractual differencesOn big building undertakings contractual differences can frequently originate, this has become more common topographic point over the last figure of old ages due to the economic down bend. Construction undertaking participants are non willing or able to compromise and utilize hard currency to smooth over unsmooth musca volitanss hence differences arise and finally must be resolved in the legal system. For the intent of this study two countries of contractual differences will be examined in deepness, range of plants and building defects.Scope of plantsA range of plants is defined by the building contract between the owner/client and the contractor. All contractors involved in a building undertaking have a range of plants, the sub-contractors range of plants are contractually defined but different from the chief contractors. The range of plants set out by the proprietor should be really explicitly defined due to contractors non being contractually obliged to execute plants that are beyond the contractual range of plants. Harmonizing to the RIAI Standard Form of Contract: Ã¢â¬Å"For the consideration hereinafter mentioned the Contractor will upon and subject to the Conditions annexed hereto execute and finish the Works shown upon the Contract Drawings and/or described in the Specification, Bills of Quantities and Conditions all of which together with this understanding are hereafter referred to as the Ã¢â¬Å¾Contract DocumentsaÃâ Y[ 10 ]. In the event where the proprietor issues a alteration of order to the original range of work, this may be considered a breach of contract and can let the contractors to halt plant until both parties reach an understanding sing the alteration or excess plants that fall beyond the original contractual range of plants. In the instance of programs and specifications, differences can originate between the proprietor, contractors and design professionals when they interpret paperss otherwise, particularly when the description of plants in programs and specifications are ill-defined or equivocal. The proprietor has the implied guarantee that the programs and specifications are right, accurate and buildable. [ 11 ]Construction defectsConstruction defects can originate at two times, the first being during the building procedure while the 2nd being a good trade of clip after the building is finished, this is known as latent defects. Over the class of the building period the proprietor may place excess plants in the instance of defects that is either non in the original range of plants or non in conformity with the programs and specifications. A difference arises when the contractors do non hold with the ownerÃ¢â¬â¢s averment of the faulty building. The contractors by and large allow the proprietor to order the replacing or fix of the faulty work. The contractors will so hold a claim against the proprietor at the terminal of the undertaking in the event that the contractors had conformed to the programs and specifications they received. The chance of this go oning during the building works at St JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s College is really prevailing as the edifice is really old and has non been occupied for some clip and some defects may non be evident during the first reviews of the edifice. In this instance it is the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s sentiment that a clause should be stipulated in the contract with the chief contractor th at a certain sum of money should be held in keeping as a precaution against any defects that may originate during the building procedure. A latent defect can be defined as building defects that are non readily evident or ascertainable during an review of the completed plants. A building contract should include a latent defects clause so the proprietor of the belongings has a certain sum of clip to foreground a building defect. In the event when the clip frame in this latent clause expires the proprietor may still do the contractor accountable for the building defects. This can be when the contractor is in breach of contract or in a instance of responsibility of attention under carelessness jurisprudence. [ 12 ]Brooding acquisitionBibliographyBooksJohn Scriven, etel ( 1999 ) .a contractual usher to major building undertakings. London: Sweet & A ; Maxwell. John Uff ( 1996 ) .Construction jurisprudence. 6th erectile dysfunction. London: Sweet & A ; Maxwell.Susan Fink ( 1997 ) .Health and safety jurisprudence for the building industry. London: Thomas Telford.Web sites1870 Ã¢â¬â St. JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s College, Waterford.Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //archiseek.com/2014/1870-st-johns-college-waterford/ . Last accessed 13/03/2015. 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Last accessed 13/03/2015. Saint John Ã¢â¬Ës College, Richardson Ã¢â¬Ës Folly, Waterford, County Waterford.Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.buildingsofireland.ie/niah/search.jsp? type=record & A ; county=WAÃ ®no=22830069. Last accessed 11/03/2015. St Johns College, Waterford.Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.mythenconstruction.ie/st-johns-college-waterford/ ( 2014 ) . Last accessed 11/03/2015. 1